Abstract:Année de publication : 2005
Lenses acting on the Cosmic Microwave Background can potentially be a very efficient and robust probe of the large-scale matter distribution in the Universe. Their most immediate signature is the way they affect the statistical properties of both the temperature and the polarization fields, in particular they both induce non-Gaussian properties that can be explicitly computed. Investigations of those effects led to the elaboration of specific reconstruction procedures that aim at mapping the projected mass responsible of the lens effects. These techniques are now on solid ground and are remarkably efficient. However it is likely that our best chance to detect a lensing signal in CMB data in the coming years will be through the cross-correlation patterns they induce between CMB data and tracers of the large-scale structure. Clearly the detection of such an effect would be very fruitful in scrutinizing the gravitational instability picture.