Theory of Fluctuations in a Thermodynamic System and the Limitations of the Onsager-Machlup Functional
Frank Pinski
Department of Physics, University of Cincinnati
Mon, May. 26th 2014, 14:00-15:00
Salle Claude Itzykson, Bât. 774, Orme des Merisiers
The aim of this work is to describe diffusion-like paths that are explored by a particle moving in a potential while being in thermal equilibrium with its surroundings. To do this, we examine functionals that are similar to the Onsager-Machlup functional. The difference is that they are based on Hamiltonian or Hybrid Monte Carlo methods (HMC) instead of Brownian dynamics. Then we focus our attention to the ``double-ended'' problem, where the Onsager-Machlup functional is interpreted as a ``thermodynamic action'' and is used to define a measure, which in turn can be employed to sample paths that are constrained to start and end at predetermined points. Even in simple systems, we find that the paths generated by sampling this measure are not consistent with the Boltzmann distribution. By using the new perspective described in the first part of the talk, I will identify why this is so. \ \ (co-work with Patrick Malsom)
Contact : Gregoire MISGUICH


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